24 July, 2015

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Key FDI Norms–Industry Wise FDI Inflows

Key FDI Norms, Yearwise / ContryWise FDI Details and Sector / Industry Wise FDI Inflows

Year-wise details of the proposals for Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) received during the last three years and the current year are as under:
Year
No. of fresh proposals received*
2012
218
2013
219
2014
150
2015
170
The details of the proposals approved/ rejected during the last year and the current year are as under:
Year
Proposals approved* Proposals rejected
2012
199
80
2013
198
33
2014
225
40
2015 (till date)
85
31
Top 10 country-wise FDI equity inflows and top 10 sector-wise FDI equity inflows from April 2012 to May 2015 are as below:
STATEMENT ON TOP 10 COUNTRY-WISE FDI EQUITY INFLOWS
FROM APRIL 2012 TO MAY 2015
(Amount in US$ million)
S.No
Name of the Country
Amount of Foreign Direct Investment Inflows
%age with Inflows
1 Mauritius
25,072.06
29.46
2 Singapore
17,936.59
21.08
3 Netherlands
8,148.82
9.57
4 Japan
6,333.99
7.44
5 United Kingdom
5,796.28
6.81
6 U.S.A
3,738.66
4.39
7 Germany
3,534.23
4.15
8 France
1,680.22
1.97
9 Cyprus
1,665.74
1.96
10 Switzerland
1,014.62
1.19
STATEMENT ON TOP 10 SECTOR-WISE FDI EQUITY INFLOWS
From APRIL 2012 TO MAY 2015
(Amount in US$ million)
S.No
Sector
Amount of FDI Inflows
%age of Total Inflows
1 SERVICES SECTOR (Fin.,Banking,Insurance,Non Fin/Business,Outsourcing,R&D,Courier,Tech. Testing and Analysis, Other)
10,800.73
12.69
2 AUTOMOBILE INDUSTRY
6,631.92
7.79
3 COMPUTER SOFTWARE & HARDWARE
6,085.56
7.15
4 TRADING
5,485.99
6.45
5 FOOD PROCESSING INDUSTRIES
4,960.22
5.83
6 TELECOMMUNICATIONS
4,869.59
5.72
7 HOTEL & TOURISM
4,701.79
5.52
8 DRUGS & PHARMACEUTICALS
4,084.82
4.80
9 CONSTRUCTION DEVELOPMENT: Townships, housing, built-up infrastructure and construction-development projects
3,318.32
3.90
10 METALLURGICAL INDUSTRIES
2,579.69
3.03

E-Filing of FDI proposal is a continuous process and proposal are placed before the FIPB only after completion of all the paper works.      

In the light of the importance of foreign direct investments for economic growth and development, the government announced key FDI reforms in the defence and railways sectors. The entire range of rail infrastructure was opened to 100% FDI under the automatic route, and in defence, sectoral cap was raised to 49%. To boost infrastructure creation and to bring pragmatism in the policy, the Government reviewed the FDI policy in the construction development sector also by creating easy exit norms, rationalizing area restrictions and providing due emphasis to affordable housing.

To give impetus to the medical devices sector, a carve out was created in FDI policy on the pharmaceutical sector and now 100% FDI under automatic route is permitted. The Government, in order to expand insurance cover to its large population and to provide required capital to insurance companies, raised the FDI limit in the sector to 49%. Pension sector has also been opened to foreign direct investment up to the same limit. The FDI policy provisions pertaining to NRI investment have also been clarified by providing that for the purposes of FDI policy, investment by NRIs on non-repatriation basis under Schedule 4 of FEMA (Transfer or Issue of Security by Persons Resident Outside India) Regulations will be deemed to be domestic investment at par with the investment made by residents.

These measures are expected to increase FDI, which complements and supplements domestic investment. Domestic companies are benefited through FDI, by way of enhanced access to supplementary capital and state-of-art-technologies; exposure to global managerial practices and opportunities of integration into global markets resulting into increased production, export and employment generation of the country. Further, as FDI is largely a matter of private business decisions, global investors normally take time to assess a new policy and its implications in the context of a particular market before making investment.

Review of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) policy is an ongoing process. Significant changes are made in the FDI policy regime from time to time to ensure that India remains increasingly attractive and investor-friendly.
This information was given by the Minister of State (Independent Charge) in the Ministry of Commerce & Industry Smt. Nirmala Sitharaman in a written reply in Lok Sabha today.

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